Imagine you are surveying a population of a mountain range where the inhabitants live in the valleys with no inhabitants

Imagine you are surveying a population of a mountain range where the inhabitants live in the valleys with no inhabitants on the large mountains between. If your sample area is the valleys, and you use this to estimate the population across the entire mountain range, will you overestimate or underestimate the actual population size?

a) overestimate
b) underestimate
c) neither
d) need more information

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